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COLOGNE

4711 HOUSE -- If you've ever heard about

Eau de Cologne, here is its' origin. The most famous brand

got its name when one of Napoleon's soldier was ordered

to count every house (this was number 4711) during

Napoleon's occupation of Cologne. So if you need a gift

for your mother get a small bottle of this refreshing perfume

which is sold in the shop (as are other brands). Enjoy the

Glockenspiel (above the shop) with characters of Napoleonīs

soldiers appearing hourly.

Close-up of  the famous Glockenspiel

The city of Cologne was destroyed by the WWII bombs.

Only the famous cathedral stands undamaged.

Today -- the city of Cologne

Close-up of  the Cathedral's entrance door

Golden Shrine of the Magi inside the Cathedral --

Magi, or Three Kings, men who came from the East to adore

the newborn Jesus. They were the first to tell Herod

of the birth. A star (the Star of Bethlehem) had been a sign

for them. Christian tradition has elaborated the biblical

account; it has set their number as three, perhaps from

their gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh; it has called

them kings, perhaps from Ps. 72.10,11 and Isa. 49.7,23

considered as prophecies; and it has given them names,

Caspar or Gaspar, Melchior, and Balthazar. They are

called sometimes the Three Kings of Cologne because

there is a great shrine to them in the cathedral at Cologne.

The feast of the Epiphany commemorates their visit. In art the

visit is called the Adoration of the Magi.

The church floor is covered with small mosaic titles.

Old Town Square

More of old town in Cologne

More of old town in Cologne

More of old town in Cologne

Fruit/vegetable stand